Foto tirada em frente ao Deck Brasil, na QI eleven do Lago Sul, em Brasília, Brasil.
A Textual content, in english, from Wikipedia, the free of charge encyclopedia.
Paragliding is a leisure and competitive traveling activity. A paraglider is a free of charge-traveling, foot-launched plane. The pilot sits in a harness suspended down below a material wing, whose condition is shaped by the force of air moving into vents in the entrance of the wing.
n 1954, Walter Neumark predicted (in an short article in Flight magazine) a time when a glider pilot would be “able to start himself by operating about the edge of a cliff or down a slope … irrespective of whether on a rock-climbing getaway in Skye or ski-ing in the Alps”.[one]
In 1961, the French engineer Pierre Lemoigne created improved parachute types which led to the Para-Commander (‘PC’), which had slash-outs at the rear and sides which enabled it to be towed into the air and steered – main to parasailing/parascending.
Occasionally credited with the best enhancement in parachutes due to the fact Leonardo da Vinci, the American Domina Jalbert invented in 1964 the Parafoil which had sectioned cells in an aerofoil condition an open main edge and a closed trailing edge, inflated by passage via the air – the ram-air style.
Meanwhile, David Barish was creating the Sail Wing for recovery of NASA house capsules – “slope soaring was a way of tests out … the Sail Wing”. Just after checks on Hunter Mountain, New York in September 1965, he went on to market ‘slope soaring’ as a summer season action for ski resorts (seemingly devoid of wonderful achievement).[four] NASA originated the term ‘paraglider’ in the early 1960’s, and ‘paragliding’ was 1st utilized in the early 1970’s to describe foot-launching of gliding parachutes.
Writer Walter Neumark wrote Working Procedures for Ascending Parachutes, and he and a team of fans with a passion for tow-launching ‘PCs’ and ram-air parachutes ultimately broke absent from the British Parachute Affiliation to sort the British Affiliation of Parascending Golf equipment (BAPC) in 1973.
These threads had been pulled together in June 1978 by three friends Jean-Claude Bétemps, André Bohn and Gérard Bosson from Mieussy Haute-Savoie, France. Just after inspiration from an short article on ‘slope soaring’ in the Parachute Guide magazine by parachutist & publisher Dan Poynter, they calculated that on a ideal slope, a ‘square’ ram-air parachute could be inflated by operating down the slope Bétemps launched from Pointe du Pertuiset, Mieussy, and flew 100 m. Bohn followed him and glided down to the football pitch in the valley a thousand metres down below. ‘Parapente’ (pente being French for slope) was born.
By the 1980’s and due to the fact, it has been a story of frequently increasing gear and at any time greater quantities of paragliding pilots. The 1st Entire world Championship was held in Kössen, Austria in 1989.
he paraglider wing or cover is acknowledged in aeronautical engineering as a ram-air airfoil, or parafoil. This sort of wings comprise two layers of material which are connected to inside supporting material in these kinds of a way as to sort a row of cells. By leaving most of the cells open only at the main edge, incoming air (ram-air force) retains the wing inflated, consequently protecting its condition. When inflated, the wing’s cross-part has the standard teardrop aerofoil condition.
The pilot is supported beneath the wing by a network of lines. The lines are gathered into two sets as remaining and right risers. The risers collect the lines in rows from entrance to again in both 3 or four rows. The risers are connected to the pilot’s harness by two carabiners.
Paraglider wings usually have an area of twenty-35 m² with a span of 8–12 m, and weigh 3–7 kg. Combined excess weight of wing, harness, reserve, instruments, helmet, and many others. is all over 12–18 kg.
The glide ratio of paragliders ranges from 8:one for leisure wings, to about eleven:one for modern-day competition models. For comparison, a standard skydiving parachute will realize about 3:one glide. A cling glider will realize about fifteen:one glide. An idling (gliding) Cessna 152 will realize 9:one. Some sailplanes can realize a glide ratio of up to sixty:one.
The speed variety of paragliders is usually 20–50 km/h (twelve-30 mph), from stall speed to most speed. Newbie wings will be in the decreased section of this variety, substantial-functionality wings in the higher section of the variety. The variety for safe and sound traveling will be to some degree smaller sized.
Contemporary paraglider wings are produced of substantial-functionality non-porous fabrics these kinds of as Porcher Sport & Gelvenor, with Dyneema/Spectra or Kevlar/Aramid lines.
For storage and carrying, the wing is generally folded into a rucksack (bag), which can then be stowed in a significant backpack together with the harness. For pilots who might not want the included excess weight or fuss of a backpack, the harness by itself can be utilized to carry the wing, while this is significantly less comfy, and consequently significantly less favorable for more time hikes. In this circumstance the wing (within the rucksack) is buckled into the harness seat, which is then slung about the shoulders. Latest developments in light-excess weight harness style consist of the skill to convert the harness inside out these kinds of that it turns into the backpack, consequently eradicating the want for a 2nd storage process.
Tandem paragliders, created to carry the pilot and one particular passenger, are larger sized but normally very similar. They generally fly more quickly with increased trim speeds, are more resistant to collapse, and have a somewhat increased sink level in contrast to solo paragliders.
The pilot is loosely and easily buckled into a harness which delivers guidance in both equally the standing and sitting positions. Contemporary harnesses are created to be as comfy as a lounge chair in the sitting situation. A lot of harnesses even have an adjustable ‘lumbar support’.
A reserve parachute is also usually connected to a paragliding harness.
Parachutes, which includes skydiving canopies, are frequently utilized for descending, these kinds of as leaping out of an plane or for dropping cargo though paragliders are frequently utilized for ascending. Paragliders are classified as “ascending parachutes” by cover makers throughout the world, and are created for “free of charge traveling” which means flight devoid of a tether (for tethered flight amusement, see parasailing). On the other hand, in regions devoid of substantial start points, paragliders might be towed aloft by a ground car or a stationary winch, following which they are unveiled, making substantially the identical result as a mountain start. This sort of tethered launches can give a paraglider pilot a increased setting up point than lots of mountains do, providing very similar prospect to catch thermals and to stay airborne by “thermaling” and other kinds of raise. As free of charge flight, paragliding necessitates the major ability and education required for plane command, which includes aeronautical concept, meteorological know-how and forecasting, personal/psychological protection criteria, adherence to relevant Federal Aviation Regulations (US), and know-how of gear care and routine maintenance.
Most pilots use varios and radios when traveling some more innovative pilots also use GPS units.
Birds are very delicate to atmospheric force, and can convey to when they are in climbing or sinking air. Men and women can feeling the acceleration when they 1st strike a thermal, but are not able to detect the change involving consistent climbing air and consistent sinking air, so convert to technological innovation to aid.
A variometer indicates climb-level (or sink-level) with audio alerts (beeps which maximize in pitch and tempo as you accelerate upwards and a droning sound which gets deeper as your descent level will increase) and/or a visible display. It also reveals altitude: both over takeoff, over sea level, or (at increased altitudes) “flight level”.
The most important purpose of a variometer is in assisting a pilot find and keep in the “main” of a thermal to maximise peak acquire, and conversely indicating when he or she is in sinking air, and desires to find climbing air.
The more innovative variometers have an integrated GPS. This is not only more convenient, but also allows to history the flight in three proportions. The keep track of of the flight is digitally signed, saved and can be downloaded following the landing. Digitally signed tracks can be utilized as evidence for history claims, changing the ‘old’ strategy of image documentation.
Brakes: Controls held in each individual of the pilot’s hands hook up to the trailing edge of the remaining and right sides of the wing. These controls are known as ‘brakes’ and supply the key and most common usually means of command in a paraglider. The brakes are utilized to change speed, to steer (in addition to excess weight-change), and flare (all through landing).
Fat Change: In addition to manipulating the brakes, a paraglider pilot have to also lean in order to steer thoroughly. This sort of ‘weight-shifting’ can also be utilized for more minimal steering when brake use is unavailable, these kinds of as when below ‘big ears’ (see down below). Far more innovative command methods might also require excess weight-shifting.
Pace Bar: A variety of foot command known as the ‘speed bar’ (also ‘accelerator’) attaches to the paragliding harness and connects to the main edge of the paraglider wing, generally via a process of at the very least two pulleys (see animation in margin). This command is utilized to maximize speed, and does so by decreasing the wing’s angle of attack. This command is necessary for the reason that the brakes can only gradual the wing from what is known as ‘trim speed’ (no brakes utilized). The accelerator is essential to go more quickly than this.
Far more innovative usually means of command can be acquired by manipulating the paraglider’s risers or lines specifically:
* Most commonly, the lines connecting to the outermost points of the wing’s main edge can be utilized to induce the wingtips to fold below. The procedure, acknowledged as ‘big ears’, is utilized to maximize level of descent (see picture).
* The risers connecting to the rear of the wing can also be manipulated for steering if the brakes have been severed or are normally unavailable.
* In a ‘B-line stall’, the 2nd established of risers from the main-edge/entrance is carefully pulled down to put a crease in the higher surface of the wing. This destroys the laminar circulation of air about the aerofoil, significantly lessening the raise created by the cover, consequently inducing a increased level of descent.
Another textual content, in english, from the addrees www.alpsurf.com/paraglidinge.htm
Paraglider flies is the easiest type to regard the entire world from the hen perspective some ways a carefully bent slope down and currently conquer pilot and passenger the drive of gravity and to float of it. Our specialist pilots are extremely skilled and have a distinctive pilot banknote, which permits it to them to give paraglider of passenger flights.
Texto, em português, do web-site “O radical”, que pode ser visto no endereço: oradical.uol.com.br/parapente/ondepraticarparapente.asp
O parapente é um esporte que mistura toda a adrenalina com a tranqüilidade, em uma sintonia perfeita. É uma modalidade na qual o piloto e o parapente entram em whole sintonia com a natureza.
A principal recomendação do paraglidingé respeitar todas as normas de segurança. Dessa maneira você poderá desfilar pelos ares sem a menor preocupação.
A história do esporte está diretamente relacionada com a conquista do espaço. É que os primeiros modelos de parapente foram confeccionados especialmente para as espaçonaves norte-americanas.
Hoje o esporte é praticado por mais de 100 mil pessoas em todo o mundo. O Brasil ocupa atualmente a 7ª colocação do position.
Existem escolas especializadas no parapente que oferecem toda a infra-estrutura necessária para quem quer iniciar no esporte.
Além do curso preparatório que é obrigatório, você terá acesso ao equipamento, entre outros.
Antes de comprar seu equipamento faça um salto em dupla com outro atleta. A partir daí, você vai descobrir se o parapente é seu esporte ou não.
O parapente foi desenvolvido inicialmente para a utilização das espaçonaves do Projeto Apolo, pela Nasa. O sucesso foi tão grande que emblem a descoberta tomou conta da cabeça da população.
O equipamento de parapente apresenta algumas características diferentes dos outros esportes, sendo basicamente composto de quatro itens: o velame, o selete, o pára-quedas de emergência e o capacete. O velame constitui a maior parte do equipamento e, é dividido em três partes: a vela, a linha e os tirantes.
A vela é feita de um tipo de nylon especial e funciona como uma asa. Uma de suas características principais é a resistência e a deformação, ou seja, o tecido muda de forma, alterando as características originais do parapente.
O Selete funciona como um casulo e é onde o atleta fica durante o vôo. É importante que seja ajustada a cada piloto, pois seu conforto depende disso.
Para casos de emergência utiliza-se um para-quedas. Ele está acoplado o Selete e só é utilizado caso aconteça algo de muito grave.
Os melhores locais para a prática do parapente são as regiões com climas secos, pois o atleta poderá ter um maior aproveitamento das correntes de ar. As regiões litorâneas com montanhas ao redor também oferecem excelentes condições.
O estado de Minas Gerais, juntamente com São Paulo e Rio de Janeiro são os lugares que apresentam o maior desenvolvimento do esporte. A Serra da Mantiqueira, com sua variedade de picos é o neighborhood great para todo aventureiro.